Interest Rate Swap
Interest rate swaps are simply the exchange of one set of cash flows (based on interest rate specifications) for another. Because they trade OTC, they are really just contracts set up between two or more parties, and thus can be customized in any number of ways.
Generally speaking, swaps are sought by firms that desire a type of interest rate structure that another firm can provide less expensively. For example, let's say Cory's Tequila Company (CTC) is seeking to loan funds at a fixed interest rate, but Tom's Sports Inc. (TSI) has access to marginally cheaper fixed-rate funds. Tom's Sports can issue debt to investors at its low fixed rate and then trade the fixed-rate cash flow obligations to CTC for floating-rate obligations issued by TSI. Even though TSI may have a higher floating rate than CTC, by swapping the interest structures they are best able to obtain, their combined costs are decreased - a benefit that can be shared by both parties.
Investment dictionary. Academic. 2012.
Look at other dictionaries:
interest rate swap — An agreement under which two parties agree to exchange or swap a series of payments corresponding to each other s interest payment obligations. See also swap. + interest rate swap USA A type of over the counter derivative (OTC derivative) under… … Law dictionary
Interest rate swap — An interest rate swap is a derivative in which one party exchanges a stream of interest payments for another party s stream of cash flows. Interest rate swaps can be used by hedgers to manage their fixed or floating assets and liabilities. They… … Wikipedia
interest rate swap — A financial instrument representing a transaction in which two parties agree to swap or exchange net cash flows, on agreed upon dates, for an agreed upon period of time, for interest on an agreed upon principal amount. The agreed upon principal… … Financial and business terms
Interest rate swap — A binding agreement between counterparties to exchange periodic interest payments on some predetermined dollar principal, which is called the notional principal amount. For example, one party will pay fixed and receive variable. The New York… … Financial and business terms
interest-rate swap — A financial instrument representing a transaction in which two parties agree to swap or exchange net cash flows, on agreed upon dates, for an agreed upon period of time, for interest on an agreed upon principal amount. The agreed upon principal… … Financial and business terms
interest-rate swap — A form of dealing between banks, security houses, and companies in which institutions exchange interest rate payments on a notional capital value. Swaps can be in the same currency or cross currency (see cross currency interest rate swap). If a… … Big dictionary of business and management
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interest rate swap — noun A contract to exchange the benefit of one interest rate with another. Often a fixed interest rate being exchanged for a variable rate so as to allow one party to remove an exposure to a variable rate for which they pay a premium on the fixed … Wiktionary
Interest Rate Swap — Ein Zinsswap ist ein Zinsderivat, bei dem zwei Vertragspartner vereinbaren, zu bestimmten zukünftigen Zeitpunkten Zinszahlungen auf festgelegte Nennbeträge auszutauschen. Die Zinszahlungen werden meist so festgesetzt, dass eine Partei einen bei… … Deutsch Wikipedia
interest rate swap — / ɪntrəst reɪt ˌswɒp/ noun an agreement between two companies to exchange borrowings (a company with fixed interest borrowings might swap them for variable interest borrowings of another company). Also called plain vanilla swap … Dictionary of banking and finance